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intersecting

The concept of ‘intersectionality’ has been defined as “intersectional oppression [that] arises out of the combination of various oppressions which, together, produce something unique and distinct from any one form of discrimination standing alone....”

Letter to Chief Paul Cook, Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police (OACP) President

August 1, 2014

Chief Paul Cook
President, Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police

Dear Chief Cook,

On behalf of the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC), I would like to congratulate the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police (OACP) for its updated version of the LEARN Guideline for Police Record Checks with a clearer presumption against disclosure of non-conviction records.

Preventing discrimination because of gender identity and gender expression

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Preventing discrimination because of gender identity and gender expression

Gender Identity and Expression Webinar

June 04, 2014 at 11:00 am

60 minutes

Policy on preventing discrimination because of gender identity and gender expression overview and Q&A.

English

Competing human rights

Webinar Information

Competing human rights

Competing Human Rights Webinar

August 01, 2013 at 11:00 am

60 minutes

Overview of the Policy and framework for addressing competing rights.

English

Q&A on the duty to accommodate

Webinar Information

Q&A on the duty to accommodate

Human Rights and the Duty to Accommodate - Q&A

March 18, 2014 at 11:00 am

60 minutes

Accommodation rights and responsibilities under the Ontario Human Rights Code.

English

9.1. Intersections with other types of disabilities

From: Minds that matter: Report on the consultation on human rights, mental health and addictions

Every diagnosis that you have creates another level of discrimination or barrier. – Toronto roundtable participant 

People may be discriminated against based on a combination of mental health and other types of disabilities. We heard that people with both mental health issues and addictions are often looked down upon. Some said that because of a mental health issue, their physical disability will not be taken as seriously.[57]

9. Mental health, addictions and intersecting Code grounds

From: Minds that matter: Report on the consultation on human rights, mental health and addictions

A significant theme in the consultation was how a person’s identity, based on mental health or addictions, intersects with other Code-related aspects of identity (such as race, sex or age), which can be the basis for unique or distinct forms of discrimination. People told us it was much harder to get a job, housing, or services because of discrimination based on two or more Code grounds. For example, we heard that young African Canadian men with a psychiatric disability find it harder to get housing due to stereotypes related to race, age, gender and disability.

IV. Relationship Between Family Status and Other Code Grounds

From: Policy and guidelines on discrimination because of family status

The experience of discrimination based on family status may differ based on other aspects of a person’s identity. Whenever an issue relating to family status is raised, it is important to take into account the intersecting impact of the person’s sex, marital status, sexual orientation, race and age, as well as whether the person or his or her family member has a disability.

The intersection of family status with other Code grounds

From: Human rights and the family in Ontario

It is important to take into account the ways in which parents and children are affected by their membership in other historically disadvantaged groups. Individuals may be subjected to discrimination based on more than one Code ground, and these grounds may “intersect”, producing unique experiences of disadvantage and discrimination.

III. Family status and other Code grounds

From: The cost of caring: Report on the consultation on discrimination on the basis of family status

Each individual’s experience of his or her family status is profoundly influenced by other aspects of their identify, such as gender, sexual orientation, age, race, marital status, or disability: this was a major theme of the submissions the Commission received. For example, the experience of an aging parent of a child with a disability will differ from that of an Aboriginal single mother in search of housing. A heterosexual married mother seeking career advancement will experience different barriers than a lesbian couple dealing with their children’s schooling.

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