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50th anniversary

My life as a woman in Canada

By Dr. Barbara Landau

Women in Canada have only recently come close to equal treatment. We were not allowed to vote until WW1 (1914-18) and Quebec only granted women the vote in 1940. Even with the vote, women did not have rights separate from their husbands. Until 1929, women were not considered “persons” under our Constitution for the purpose of serving in the Senate.

I will share a sample of my experiences that hopefully young women today will find unthinkable.

My story as a Jew

By Dr. Barbara Landau

My story as a Jew is NOT unique for people of my age. I am the grandchild of Jewish immigrants. Most of my extended family emigrated to Canada from Eastern Europe (mostly Poland) or Russia before World War 1 and after World War 2. All came to escape persecution and death and find a better life. The majority of my family did not survive the Nazis.

Women’s rights during WW1 in Canada

The years of WW1 saw a great remarkable spread of women’s rights and female suffrage all over the world as well as in Canada. Female suffrage is the right of women to vote. Women at this time were treated differently from men, at least in voting rights. Especially, back then, women were considered to be inferior to men, but after many years of hard work and protest, women finally gained the same equality as men.

Women’s rights before, during, and after WWI in Canada

I believe that all men and women should have the same rights. Most women in Canada were treated badly before WWI but some were finally given rights after it. I will be talking about how different classes of women faced barriers to working and how that improved. I will also be talking about how women’s right to vote came about. Finally I will be talking about how women were supposed to wear a certain kind of clothing depending on what they were doing and how that changed over time.

S.S. St. Louis and human rights

On May 13th 1939, the ship S.S. St. Louis headed to Havana, Cuba from Hamburg, Germany. It was one of the last ships to leave Nazi Germany in 1939 before Europe became involved in World War II. The ship carried 937 Jewish refugees who were persecuted in Nazi Germany after the terrifying night of Kristallnacht, the night of the broken glass.


There is a lot of racism going on in countries such as Canada and the United States. People are getting beaten up for their skin colour, clothing, and religion. In this essay I am going to talk about racism that has been going on for a long time and which still happens now.

Paving the way for a better life

My name is Linda V. Carter and my family roots are West Indian. My mother and grandmother were from St. Kitts and my father's family is from Barbados. As a child I enjoyed the rich, Africa-rooted loves of family, music, great food, and camaraderie to the fullest. My father was one of only a few black lawyers in Toronto, and after 30 years of practice he became the first Canadian born Black judge.


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