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  1. Part 1 – Setting the context: understanding race, racism and racial discrimination

    From: Policy and guidelines on racism and racial discrimination

    1. Introduction

    1.1. The Code context

    The Code states that it is public policy in Ontario to recognize the inherent dignity and worth of every person and to provide for equal rights and opportunities without discrimination. The provisions of the Code are aimed at creating a climate of understanding and mutual respect for the dignity and worth of each person, so that each person feels a part of the community and feels able to contribute to the community.

  2. VIII. Discrimination

    From: The Ontario Safe Schools Act: School discipline and discrimination

    Nearly all the interviewees identified discrimination – direct and systemic – as the main reason why the application of discipline in schools has a disproportionate impact on racial minority students and students with disabilities. Some interviewees also pointed out that there are multiple and intersecting grounds of discrimination, including race, disability, poverty and immigrant/refugee status.

    A. General Perceptions

    1. Black Students

    Many Black students who are suspended or expelled believe that it is because of discrimination:

  3. 3. Prima facie discrimination because of disability

    From: Policy and guidelines on disability and the duty to accommodate

    Once a disability within the meaning of section 10 of the Code is established, the individual has the burden of showing a prima facie case of discrimination.

    Discrimination under the Code can be direct (refusal to grant a job or provide access to services or housing, for example, because of a disability), indirect, constructive (adverse effect) or based on society’s failure to accommodate actual differences.

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