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Quiz - Examples of Competing Rights Situations

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Competing Human Rights eLearning Module 3 Quiz

NARRATEUR:

Welcome to the quiz for Module 3.

You will be given a series of scenarios with questions, to check your learning. Let’s get started!

Scenario #1:

Marga uses a wheelchair and works on the second floor of her company’s office building. The building has an elevator, but no ramps, so Marga has to go through the commercial garage to get inside. Marga asked her employer to accommodate her disability with a ramp to the main doors, so that she can come and go like everyone else. Her employer says that building a ramp is too expensive and would hurt the business. Is this a competing rights case?

Yes: Marga has a Code right not to be discriminated against because of her disability, and the employer has a right to run an efficient business.
No: only Marga is making a claim of discrimination. The employer has a legal duty to accommodate Marga’s disability, unless it can show that this would cause undue hardship.

Scenario #2:

Mansur is a taxi driver employed by a taxi company. He is allergic to dogs. One day Max, who is blind, tries to enter Mansur’s taxi with his guide dog. Mansur refuses to let him into the taxi and tells Max that he can’t serve him because he’s allergic to dogs. Is this a competing rights situation?

Yes: Mansur has a Code right to be free from discrimination at work because of his disability, and blind customers have a Code right not to experience discrimination in services because of their disabilities.
No: Customers with disabiltiies can easily get another cab, so this is not really a violation of their Code rights.
No: Customers who use guide dogs have a Code right not to be discriminated against because of their disability, but Mansur does not have Code rights in this case because he is obliged to follow his employer’s rules

Scenario #3:

Sandeep has just started working as a security officer for a private security company. As part of his religion, Sandeep wears a turban. His manager has told Sandeep not to wear his turban at work, because it is not part of the standard uniform. He also said that wearing a turban might pose safety risks, though he did not name any specific dangers. Is this a competing rights case?

Yes: Sandeep has a Code right to wear his turban, and his employer has a right to preserve the traditional uniform.
No: When Sandeep is at work, he must conform to his employer’s standards.
No: Sandeep has a Code right to wear his turban, and his employer has a duty to accommodate Sandeep’s religious requirements, up to the point of undue hardship.

Competing Human Rights eLearning
Transcript at http://ohrc.on.ca/en/learning/elearning/competing-human-rights/part-3/quiz

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