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Review

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Questions

1. I can’t live in adult-only apartments because of my children.

  • True
  • False

2. I’m 72, so it’s alright for the building manager to keep asking me if I’m ready to move into a retirement home.

  • True
  • False

3. I’m 16 and because I’m on my own, the Code protects me from discrimination if I want to rent my own apartment.

  • True
  • False

4. The woman who lives in the main floor unit doesn’t hide her dislike for tenants who receive social assistance. She says they should move away. If I complain to the co-op, they could evict me instead of her.

  • True
  • False

5. A landlord can’t refuse to show me and my boyfriend the apartment because we are a gay couple.

  • True
  • False

6. I’m a student with a young child. The landlord said he wants to rent to a couple. Is this discrimination?

  • Yes
  • No

7. I rent an apartment in a low-rise building with 3 floors. I live on the top floor, but now use a walker. I asked to transfer to a unit on the 1st floor, but the property manager said there’s a long waiting list. Is this discrimination?

  • Yes
  • No

8. Nobody wants noisy neighbours. The tenants upstairs work at night and sleep during the day. So when they come home, I can hear the TV or music playing in the morning. Is this discrimination?

  • Yes
  • No

9. The hall lights in Building A are dark and the common area is never cleaned. When new Canadians apply for an apartment, they are shown the new building but are given units in Building A instead. The landlord says the new building is for “Canadians”. Is this discrimination?

  • Yes
  • No

10. The manager of a local motel automatically gives Aboriginal guests rooms at the back. These are smoking rooms with no view of the lake. Is this discrimination?

  • Yes
  • No

11.What questions can you ask on a rental application form? Click all that apply.

  • Birthdate
  • Religion
  • Social insurance number
  • Employment
  • Income
  • Credit check
  • Current address

12. Which of the following may screen out tenants based on Code grounds? Click all that apply.

  • Proof of income in the form of pay stubs
  • Current address and phone number
  • Credit profile and criminal check
  • Minimum 6 months steady work history

13.Which of the following may screen out tenants based on Code grounds? Click all that apply.

  • Broken leases or evictions from the past 3 years
  • Co-signers must be employed
  • Names of references
  • Emergency Contact

14.My boyfriend works out of town and stays with me on the weekend. The superintendent says that it’s not good for my kids to have a man around who isn’t their father. This is an example of:

  • Discrimination by association
  • Harassment
  • Sexual harassment
  • Poisoned environment
  • Systemic discrimination
  • NYMBYism

15. The office manager in my building always stops by the swimming pool when I’m there and tries to talk to me. He’s asked me out a couple of times and I told him I’m not interested. He knocked on my door and said the neighbours were complaining about the noise, but I’ve been away for the last week. This is an example of:

  • Negative attitudes, stereotypes, bias
  • Discrimination by association
  • Reprisal
  • Sexual harassment

16.What wording may screen out tenants on Code grounds in rental ads?

  • A. Two bedroom condo. Ideally suited for mature couple.
  • B. Pet friendly building. Close to parks and schools.
  • C. Available now. Smoke-free apartment on main floor.
  • D. Must sign 1 year lease and provide verifiable source of income.

Answers

  1. “Adult-only” buildings are not allowed in Ontario, unless it’s a care facility or residence for seniors.
  2. Repeated, unwanted questions about age could be harassment.
  3. If you are 16 or 17 and living on your own, you have a right under the Code to sign a rental agreement or lease.
  4. The co-op is responsible for providing its tenants with an environment that is free from racial discrimination. The Code does not allow the co-op to take actions or threaten to take actions, also known as reprisal, against you for being a witness to discrimination.
  5. Landlords have a responsibility to provide housing accommodation that is free from discrimination. The Code covers the process from applying for an apartment up to and including eviction.
  6. There are assumptions that come with “preferring a couple”.  Is the reason for not renting the unit because of the age of the mother or father, or because the parent is not married (marital status) but has a child (family status), or the parent is gay or lesbian (sexual orientation)?
  7. Housing providers have a duty to accommodate tenants short of undue hardship. A waiting list that doesn’t consider Code-related factors may discriminate against people with, for example, disabilities or families with young children. 
  8. The answer is ‘No’ because it is not a concern that comes under the Code.  The noise is not based on a ground under the Code.  Check the Residential Tenancies Act.
  9. Streaming of tenants based on race-related grounds including language and culture, is discrimination under the Code.  “Canadian” is often used to refer to people who are Canadian-born and usually white.
  10. Equal treatment in rental housing includes renting a room in a hotel, motel or bed and breakfast. This is another example of streaming based on Code-related grounds.
  11. A rental application may include questions related to income, credit checks and current address.
  12. Proof of income in the form of pay stubs, credit profiles and criminal checks, and work history may screen out tenants based on Code grounds.
  13. Broken leases or evictions and employment of co-signers may screen out tenants based on Code grounds.
  14. This is an example of discrimination by association, harassment, and poisoned environment based on the Code grounds of sex, family status, and marital status.
  15. This is an example of reprisal and sexual harassment.
  16. Answers A, C and D may screen out tenants on Code grounds.

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